Group of Central Bank Governors and Heads of Supervision reinforces Basel Committee reform package
January 11, 2010:
The Group of Central Bank Governors and Heads of Supervision, the oversight body of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, met on 10 January at the Bank for International Settlements. It welcomed the substantial progress of the Basel Committee to translate the Group’s September 2009 agreements into a concrete package of measures, as elaborated in the Committee’s 17 December 2009 Consultative proposals for Strengthening the resilience of the banking sector and the International framework for liquidity risk measurement, standards and monitoring. Governors and Heads of Supervision requested the Committee to deliver a fully calibrated and finalised package of reforms by the end of this year.
President Jean-Claude Trichet, who chairs the Group, emphasised that “timely completion of the Basel Committee reform programme is critical to achieving a more resilient banking system that can support sound economic growth over the long term.”
Central Bank Governors and Heads of Supervision welcomed the Basel Committee’s focus on both microprudential reforms to strengthen the level and quality of international capital and liquidity standards, as well as the introduction of a macroprudential overlay to address procyclicality and systemic risk. They also provided guidance and noted the importance of making progress in the following key areas:
Provisioning: It is essential that accounting standards setters and supervisors develop a truly robust provisioning approach based on expected losses (EL). Building on the Basel Committee’s August 2009 Guiding Principles for the replacement of IAS 39, a sound EL provisioning approach should achieve the following key objectives: 1) address the deficiencies of the incurred loss approach without introducing an expansion of fair value accounting, 2) promote adequate and more forward looking provisioning through early identification and recognition of credit losses in a consistent and robust manner, 3) address concerns about procyclicality under the current incurred loss provisioning model, 4) incorporate a broader range of credit information, both quantitative and qualitative, 5) draw from banks’ risk management and capital adequacy systems and 6) be transparent and subject to appropriate internal and external validation by auditors, supervisors and other constituents. So-called “through-the-cycle” approaches that are consistent with these principles and which promote the build up of provisions when credit exposures are taken on in good times that can be used in a downturn would be recognised. The Basel Committee should translate these principles into a practical proposal by its March 2010 meeting for subsequent consideration by both supervisors and accounting standards setters.
Introducing a framework of countercyclical capital buffers: Such a framework could contain two key elements that are complementary. First, it is intended to promote the build-up of appropriate buffers at individual banks and the banking sector that can be used in periods of stress. This would be achieved through a combination of capital conservation measures, including actions to limit excessive dividend payments, share buybacks and compensation. Second, it would achieve the broader macroprudential goal of protecting the banking sector from periods of excess credit growth through a countercyclical capital buffer linked to one or more credit variables.
Addressing the risk of systemic banking institutions: Supervisors are working to develop proposals to address the risk of systemically important banks (SIBs). To this end, the Basel Committee has established a Macroprudential Group. The Committee should develop a menu of approaches using continuous measures of systemic importance to address the risk for the financial system and the broader economy. This includes evaluating the pros and cons of a capital and liquidity surcharge and other supervisory tools as additional possible policy options such as resolution mechanisms and structural adjustments. This forms a key input to the Financial Stability Board’s initiatives to address the “too-big-to-fail” problem.
>> GO TO NEXT PAGE
Report on nature and scope of financial regulation... Read here
Consultative proposals to strengthen the resilience of banking sector... Read here
Joint Forum releases Report on Special Purpose Entities... Read here
Central Bank Governors announce response to global banking crisis... Read here
Revision of accounting standards for financial instruments... Read here
The Basel Committee issues papers on operational risk... Read here
CPSS-IOSCO set up a working group for central counterparties... Read here
Basel Committee to enhance Basel II capital framework... Read here
Core Principles for Effective Deposit Insurance Systems ... Read here
Joint Forum final paper- Stocktaking on the use of credit ratings ... Read here
Basel Committee issues principles for sound stress testing... Read here
Basel issues working paper on the interaction of market & credit risk... Read here
Guidance released on cross-border wire transfer messages... Read here
Steps to strengthen the global regulation of the banking sector... Read here
India to become member of Basel Committee & FSF... Read here
Capital in the banking system needs to be strengthened... Read here
Proposed Basel II amendments to impact structured finance... Read here
Enhancements to the Basel II capital framework... Read here
CLICK FOR SPECIAL SECTION ON GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
CLICK FOR MORE FEATURES & STORIES