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 This section provides comprehensive and updated information and guidance on all areas of banking in India.

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Banking is "accepting, for the purpose of lending or investment of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise and withdrawable by cheques, draft, order or otherwise."

Bank is defined as a person who carries on the business of banking. Banks also perform certain activities which are ancillary to this business of accepting deposits and lending. Since Banking involves dealing directly with money, governments in most countries regulate this sector rather stringently.

Banks provide almost all payment services by conducting checking or current accounts for customers, paying cheques drawn by customers on the bank, and collecting cheques deposited to customers' accounts. Banks also enable customer payments via other payment methods such as telegraphic transfer. Banks have added new payment channels like Internet banking, Mobile Banking, ATMs etc.



Banks' activities can be divided into retail banking, dealing directly with individuals; business banking, providing services to mid-size business; corporate banking dealing with large business entities; private banking, providing wealth management services to High Net Worth Individuals; and investment banking, relates to helping customers raise funds in the Capital Markets and advising on mergers and acquisitions. Banks are now moving towards Universal Banking, which is a combination of commercial banking, investment banking and various other activities including insurance.

Banks are among the main participants of the financial system in India. This section of the provides comprehensive and updated information, guidance and assistance on all areas of banking in India.

Bank of Hindustan, set up in 1870, was the earliest Indian Bank. Banking in India on modern lines started with the establishment of three presidency banks under Presidency Bank's act 1876 i.e. Bank of Calcutta, Bank of Bombay and Bank of Madras. In 1921, all presidency banks were amalgamated to form the Imperial Bank of India.

The commercial banking structure in India consists of: Scheduled Commercial Banks & Unscheduled Banks. Banking Regulation Act of India, 1949 defines Banking as "accepting, for the purpose of lending or investment of deposits of money from the public, repayable on demand or otherwise and withdrawable by cheques, draft, order or otherwise."

The Software Packages for Banking Applications in India had their beginnings in the middle of 80s, when the Banks. spurred on by RBI and the Rangarajan Committee Report, started computerising the branches in a limited manner.

The arrival of foreign and private banks with their superior state-of-the-art technology-based services pushed Indian Banks also to follow suit by going in for the latest technologies so as to meet the threat of competition and retain customer base.

The evolution of IT services outsourcing in the Indian banks has presently moved on to the level of Facilities Management (FM). Banks now looking at business process management (BPM) to increase returns on investment, improve customer relationship management (CRM) and employee productivity.

For, these entities sustaining long-term customer relationship management (CRM) has become a challenge with almost everyone in the market with similar products.

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