home page 





year book



what's new


click here

    finance   overview | corporate news | corporate finance | m&a/jv | insurance 
                                                             market deals | virtual library | venture capital | enviro clearance | personal finance | faqs

Finance > Overview > Financial Institutions > Intermediary - non-banking > General Insurance < History < Insurance

The business of general insurance differs from Life Insurance in a fundamental manner. Like all other insurances general insurance involves pooling of potential risks from unforseen occurrences and defraying these risks over a large number of prmium paying participants.The general insurance policies, however, are different from life insurance policies in as much as they are not financial claims and the insured is not likely to get any thing after the insurance period is over. However, such insurances can be attractive only if the premium is much smaller than the potential loss.

The short-term low premium general insurance contracts do not result into large pool of funds for investment in assets as in the case of life insurance. As a matter of fact, general insurance companies do not collect savings, the insurance premium being more in the nature of a fee, yet these fees collect into fairly big corpus of funds which need to be invested. The ICs then meet claims under their policies from premium and investment income.

As the claims under general insurance policies are uncertain and unforeseen, their liabilites are short-term in nature. Hence the investments have to be made in relatively liquid securities. In developing economies like ours, the rates of inflation are generally high leading to higher costs of repairs and replacements. Thus, the ICs doing general insurance need to have both greater liquidity and higher return and their investments reflect this need.

The policies in the general branch rarely run for a period longer than one year, and in some cases the period is even shorter. Once the period is over, a brand new contract of insurance has to be entered into. There can no guarantee of renewal of policy on the same terms, though discounts are often offered based on the track record of the beneficiary.

The general insurance business in India is run by General Insurance Corporation of India.


about us
| contact us | advertise

copyright banknetindia.com  All rights reserved worldwide.