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Jobs > Career Guide > Complete guide to CV                          

Complete Guide to Curriculum Vitae (CV)


CV is an abbreviation of Curriculum Vitae, which is Latin for 'Course of Life'. In its essence a CV is a document designed to promote a person's educational and professional history, for the purpose of impressing potential employers and getting you through to the next stage of the recruitment process. CV is to market yourself to get opportunity to reach the interview stage. It's not just about past jobs! It's about you , and how you performed and what you accomplished in those past jobs-especially the accomplishments that are relevant to the work you want to do next.

Make sure you give CV writing plenty of time. Tailor each CV to the job for which you are applying. Concentrate on what you are doing in a job now. Most employers discount experience more than five years old.


This section is the first and most important section of your resume's main text & comes immediately after your heading and contact information. In your first 10 to 15 lines, you should let a prospective employer know what you can do and why you're good at it. Include a summary at the beginning but avoid overselling. Summary requires a focus on specific, verifiable claims. Almost every item should be substantiated or self-evident.

Types of CV

There are two main types of CV, Functional and Chronological (a combination of the two can also be used). Both formats have their advantages and disadvantages, you need to select which CV style is best for you (or the position you are applying for).

The Chronological format is widely preferred by employers, and is better if you're staying in the same field. Functional format is better if you're changing fields, and you're sure a skills-oriented format would show off your transferable skills to better advantage; But in a functional format be sure to include a clear and short chronological work history.

The Chronological CV

The chronological CV lists work history in chronological order, starting with the most recent and then progressing to the most distant. Emphasis is given to job title and employer. It also incorporates detailed descriptions of duties and accomplishments made while within those positions.

The straightforward approach of a chronological CV makes it easy for a prospective employer to read, and can prove especially useful where the writer has a clearly defined career path which links into the position being applied for.

It's the most widely used CV format.Employers tend to prefer chronological a CV because it appears fact-based and is easy to read through.It emphasises a steady, progressive work history.

The Functional CV

Functional CV's tend to be skills specific in approach, focusing on the skills and experience of the applicant gained through work and academic endeavours. Here, skills and potential are emphasised, which can be used to cover for the possible lack of experience or gaps in work history.

It can be used to apply for jobs where you have no relevant work experience or you want to enter a new field.It highlights accomplishments/skills. It can take attention away any gaps in employment or too frequent changes.

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