Macroeconomic and Monetary Developments in the First Quarter of 2010-11
-Released on July 26, 2010
The Reserve Bank of India on 26th July 2010 released the document Macroeconomic and Monetary Developments: First Quarter Review 2010-11, which serves as a background to the First Quarter Review of Monetary Policy 2010-11 to be announced on July 27, 2010.
The highlights of Macroeconomic and Monetary Developments in the First Quarter of 2010-11 :
The normalisation of monetary policy of the Reserve Bank in 2010-11 so far has been conditioned by the changing growth-inflation dynamics characterised by robust acceleration in growth and increasing generalisation of inflation.
With concerns about the recovery receding, increasing risks of generalised inflation indicate that monetary policy has to continue the calibrated normalisation process.
Global Economic Conditions
Global output increased by over 5 per cent in Q1 of 2010 but the global economy has hit a soft patch thereafter due to concerns stemming from the sovereign debt situation in the euro area.
Emerging Market Economies (EMEs) are expected to continue the process of normalisation of monetary policy in view of their stronger recovery, emerging inflationary pressures, and risks of asset price build-up. Advanced economies, on the other hand, may further delay monetary exit, due to the emergence of new risks to recovery, as also their well anchored inflation expectations.
Global demand may weaken in the second half of 2010 if the pace of global recovery slows down due to possible escalation of the euro area fiscal stress and adoption of fiscal austerity measures by the advanced economies.
Going by the progress of the monsoon so far, agricultural output is expected to be better than last year. Industrial production continues to exhibit double digit growth in the current year; notwithstanding some moderation in May 2010, the downside risks to growth are low. Lead indicators for services activities suggest continuation of the growth momentum.
Thus, GDP growth in 2010-11 can be expected to be higher than the 8.0 per cent projected in the April 2010 Monetary Policy Statement.
The Professional Forecastersí Survey conducted by the Reserve Bank in June 2010 places overall (median) GDP growth rate for 2010-11 at 8.4 per cent, higher than 8.2 per cent reported in the previous round of the survey.
Private investment demand recovered sharply in the last quarter of 2009-10. Production trends in capital goods point to continuation of the strong investment activities in the near-term.
Disaggregated information such as production of consumer durables and non-durables, auto sales and non-oil imports suggest stronger recovery in private consumption demand going forward.
Pick-up in demand for credit from the private sector, rapid growth in corporate sales, and information on order books available from forward looking surveys indicate strengthening of domestic demand.
Growth in government consumption demand is likely to moderate, reflecting the fiscal consolidation programmed in the Budget.
Overall, private consumption and investment demand will be the two major drivers of growth during 2010-11.
The fiscal consolidation plans programmed in the Union Budget for 2010-11 will benefit from the larger than expected mobilisation from 3G/ Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) spectrum auctions, which together represent 1 per cent point of GDP.
The partial deregulation/upward revision to the prices of petroleum products in June 2010 will contain pressure on the fiscal situation from under-recoveries of the public sector oil companies.
While the price adjustment in the petroleum sector may add to headline inflation in the near-term, the improved fiscal situation would be congenial to both inflation and growth in the medium run.
With recovery in growth of exports and the return of capital flows, external sector conditions improved during the course of 2009-10.
The current account deficit, however, widened to 2.9 per cent of GDP in 2009-10, from 2.4 per cent in 2008-09, which contributed to the recovery through higher absorption of foreign capital.
In 2010-11 so far, import growth has exceeded export growth, reflecting stronger growth performance of India relative to the global economy; capital inflows have also moderated, led by the decline in portfolio flows.
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