Mid-Quarter Monetary Policy Review: June 2011
-Announced on the 16th June 2011 by Dr. D. Subbarao, Governor, Reserve Bank of India
On the basis of the current macroeconomic assessment, it has been decided to:
increase the repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) by 25 basis points from 7.25 per cent to 7.5 per cent with immediate effect.
Consequent to the above increase in the repo rate, the reverse repo rate under the LAF will stand automatically adjusted to 6.5 per cent and the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate to 8.5 per cent with immediate effect.
Since the Reserve Bank’ Annual Policy Statement of May 3, the global environment has changed for the worse, while domestic conditions are broadly consistent with the Statement's projections. Growth expectations in advanced economies are visibly moderating, even as inflationary pressures, primarily from commodity prices, have increased. The capacity for conventional policy responses appears limited, with many countries having already committed to fiscal consolidation amidst growing sovereign debt risks. From our monetary policy perspective, global commodity prices still remain the key external risk though some signs of moderation are becoming visible.
Domestically, inflation persists at uncomfortable levels. Moreover, the headline numbers understate the pressures because fuel prices have yet to reflect global crude oil prices. On the growth front, even as signs of moderation are visible in some sectors, broad indicators of activity – 2010-11 fourth quarter profit growth and margins and credit growth do not suggest a sharp or broad-based deceleration.
Going forward, notwithstanding both signs of moderation in commodity prices and some deceleration in growth, domestic inflation risks remain high. Against this backdrop, the monetary policy stance remains firmly anti-inflationary, recognising that, in the current circumstances, some short-run deceleration in growth may be unavoidable in bringing inflation under control.
The global economy weakened in Q2 of 2011. Lead indicators suggest that growth moderated in both advanced economies and emerging market economies (EMEs) under the impact of high oil and other commodity prices, the spillover from the Japanese natural disasters and monetary tightening in EMEs to contain inflationary pressures. Uncertainty about the resolution of the sovereign debt problem in the euro area has increased. These developments increase downside risks to global growth prospects.
International commodity and oil prices showed signs of moderation on weak economic data and unwinding of financial positions. However, on a year-on-year (y-o-y) basis, commodity price inflation is still high. Consequently, headline inflation rose in major advanced economies despite negative output gaps. As inflation in EMEs remained elevated due both to high commodity prices and strong domestic demand, many EMEs persisted with monetary tightening during Q2 of 2011 to contain inflation.
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